- WEEK #4: Using Color and Using Effects
- Working with Frames
OverviewThis week, you will explore the basics of aligning and distributing frames. You will also learn about placing graphics in graphic frames and work with text frames.
Align and Distribute Objects on a PageThe early chapters of the book stress that InDesign is primarily a page layout application, and Lesson 1 in Chapter 4 reinforces that point by stressing how to position objects at specific locations on the page.Before getting into the positioning of objects, however, Lesson 1 discusses fills and strokes. Make sure you understand what each of these terms means, and be sure you know how to apply strokes and fills to an object.When laying out a page, you will usually to want to create multiple objects that are evenly spaced in lines or in grids. InDesign CS5 offers many great functions for accomplishing this, one of which is the Step and Repeat dialog box. Please be sure to see Lecture NotesYou will also learn about the Align panel, which is a simple way to align and distribute objects on a page. The Align panel has four choices for aligning objects. In addition to aligning objects using the boundaries of the selection, you can also align one or more objects to the page, margins, or spread.The point of origin has coordinates, and those coordinates are (0, 0). In all coordinate notations, the first coordinate refers to the X position (horizontal) and the second coordinate refers to the Y position (vertical). As the object moves further across the page to the right, the X value increases. As the object moves further down the page, the Y value increases.In this section, you will also learn how to align and distribute objects, and how to use the Live Distribute technique and the Gap tool.
Stack and Layer Objects
The goal of this lecture is to introduce the Layers panel, the role that it plays in InDesign, the benefits of working with layers, and how layers are different from the stacking order.When working in InDesign, it is important to understand the concept of the stacking order. When you create multiple objects, every object is on its own ordered level. When creating multiple objects, the last object is created in front of the others. Stacking happens automatically and can be manipulated by using the commands in the Arrange submenu (Bring to Front, Send to Back, Bring Forward, and Send Backward).The key to using the Layers panel is organization. Arranging artwork in layers is a great way to organize and manage artwork. The Layers panel also offers many organization benefits. You should always give your layers descriptive names so it is easier to manage. You can also lock a layer to makes make it non-editable so you can protect the objects from unwanted modifications. A good practice is to hide layers so you can work in one layer without an obstructed view from the other layers..Working with Graphics Frames
The Selection tool and the Direct Selection tool are both used when working with graphics frames. Using each tool effectively may be challenging, so practice with this is essential. This lecture is essential to prepare you for working with placed graphics and using these two tools.There is a difference between the graphics frame and the content placed in the frame. The frame is basically a window through which you can see the placed graphic. Sometimes the window is big enough to see the whole graphic. Sometimes the window is smaller than the graphic. This is what you can do when you want to use the frame to crop the graphic.The Selection tool selects the graphic frame, while the Direct Selection tool selects the content of the frame. Anything you want to do to the frame, you do with the Selection tool. Anything you want to do to the placed graphic, you do with the Direct Selection tool.InDesign CS5, the content indicator allows you to select the graphic with the Selection tool without having to switch to the Direct Selection tool.In this section, you will also be introduced to moving a graphic within a graphics frame, copying and pasting a graphic, resizing a graphic, and using the fitting commands to position objects within frames. You will also learn to wrap text around an imported graphic. This is really a nice option and many of you will enjoy this! Working with Text Frames
Autoflowing text is a great feature for quickly adding text to a document. The goal of this section is to
understand that autoflow is to understand that it creates text frames automatically, and the text frames are positioned within column guides.To autoflow text into the document, click the Place command, then navigate to and choose the text document. Press and hold [Shift] to access the autoflow loaded text icon. Click the icon in a column, and InDesign creates text frames within column guides on that page and all subsequent pages and flows text into those frames.Again, autoflowing involves the automatic creation of text frames to contain text, that those text frames are created within the existing column guides, and that InDesign will create as many text frames as necessary to flow the text that has been placed. InDesign will even add pages if necessary.
References/Works Cited:Botello, C. (2011). Adobe InDesign CS5 Revealed. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar.