FREN 100 AMU Week 5 French I American Military University assistance is available on Domyclass
Welcome to week five, Class. This week through Rosetta Stone and our weekly activities, we will use French vocabulary, structure, and sounds for Locations, Times of Day, When, But, Before, After, Time of Day, Greetings, Numbers 13-20, People, Animals, States, Calendar Terms, Polite Conversation, Senses and Seasons.
Students will be able to:
- Use French structures, sounds, and vocabulary for Locations, Times of Day, When, But, Before, After, Time of Day, Greetings and Numbers 13-20
- Use French structures, sounds, and vocabulary for People, Animals, States, Calendar Terms, Polite Conversation, Senses and Seasons
In this lesson, we will discuss:
- Locations, Times of Day, When, But, Before, After, Time of Day, Greetings, Numbers 13-20, People, Animals, States, Calendar Terms, Polite Conversation, Senses and Seasons.
- States of Being
- Clothes The following activities and assessments need to be completed this week:
- Lesson for week 5
- Readings and Resources
- Oral Exercise 3:
- Forum 5
- Skill-builder 5
Topics to be covered include:
- Describing yourself and others
- How to talk about time and place
- Asking questions and starting conversations
In this course, through the lessons during weeks one through four, you should have gained
a sense of the structures that form basic sentences, including subjects, verbs, articles,
prepositions, and adjectives. Also, you have been developing your vocabulary of family,
travel, clothing, numbers, and chit chat over these weeks. At this point in the course, you will begin to put the pieces together to describe yourself, people you know, your pet, and states of being—one of the learning outcomes for this course.
In this lesson, you will also learn how to talk about time and place, learn more prepositions, including words to describe time and place, and finally, gain the skills and knowledge you need to ask questions, and understand the answers to those questions. You will also review numbers from 13 to 30 in this lesson.
Where Are You From?
You learned some descriptive words in Lesson 4, including words about being tall or short, thin or fat, and words about hair style and color, as well as eye color. The first thing you do to describe yourself is to tell your name; you have already learned how to do this. Remember, it’s Je m’appelle _____. You might also tell your age: J’ai _____ ans.
You have also learned about different conversational questions and how to ask those. Answering those is part of making conversation. Two common questions you might be asked are “D’oùvenez-vous? Que faites-vous?” or “Where are you from? What do you do?”
To answer where you’re from, you might say:
|Je suis américain/américaine. Je viens des États-Unis. Je viens de Chicago.||I am American. I am from the United States. I am from Chicago.|
|Je suis militaire. Je suis étudiant/étudiante.||I am a soldier. I am a student.|
If you’re not from the United States, you can answer using different information.
- Je viens du Mexique.
- Je viens de la Chine.
- Je suis chinois. Je suis chinoise.
Notice that countries are capitalized in French, but nationalities are not. That’s different from
English where nationalities are also capitalized. You might also have noticed that countries have gender! Here, you can see that it is le Mexiqueand la Chine.
Consider the following examples of ways to describe yourself or others in these sorts of situations:
|Il estmarocain.||He is Moroccan.|
|Elle estcanadienne.||She is Canadian.|
|Nous venons de la France.||We are from France.|
|Êtes-vousmédecin?||Are you a doctor?|
|Non, je ne suis pas médecin. Je suisinfirmière.||No, I am not a doctor. I am a nurse.|
|Je suisprofesseur.||I am a teacher.|
|Il travaille au marché.||He works at the market.|
In Lesson 4, you learned about a range of physical descriptions. If you are describing yourself or others, you may not only be interested in describing someone physically. You might want to describe things that you or they like to do, or ideas about state of being.
You will use the same basic constructions to talk about personality or character traits. These sentences are put together of a subject, the conjugated form of to be, and the adjective. As with other uses of adjectives, you will need to match the gender and number of the adjective to the subject.
|Elle esttimide.||She is shy.|
|Je suisrapide.||I am fast.|
|Tues lent / lente.||You are slow.|
|Ilssontintelligents.||They are intelligent.|
|Nous sommes forts.||We are strong.|
|Il esttrèsdrôle.||He is very funny.|
|Elle esttranquille.||She is calm.|
|Elle estanimée.||She is lively.|
You can also use the modifiers introduced in Lesson 4, includingplutôtand un peu. These terms, meaning rather and a little, can be used to soften a trait somewhat. For instance, you might say je suisplutôttranquilleor “I am rather calm.” If you’re describing someone else, this can make a less-polite description sound less potentially rude or unkind.
These sentences describe general personality traits. These are things that apply to you or the person you are describing all the time.
Other Ways to Describe Yourself
With the verbêtre, you can also describe a state of being at a particular moment. This does not describe a state of being all the time, like being strong, intelligent, or calm. Instead, it describes a state of being at a moment in time, rather than over a longer period of time.
|Je suismaladeaujourd’hui.||I am sick today.|
|Il est heureux ce matin.||He is happy this morning.|
|Elle est triste ce soir.||She is sad this evening.|
|Nous sommes animés cet après-midi.||We are motivated this afternoon.|
Another good way to describe people is through likes and dislikes. The verb aimer is used to describe both love, in a romantic context, as well as things you like and dislike:
|J’aime l’été.||I like summer.|
|Il aime l’automne.||I like fall.|
|Elle n’aime pas l’hiver.||She doesn’t like winter.|
|Ilsaiment le printemps.||They like spring.|
You can also double down on the verb, by using aimer in the conjugated form for the subject, along with the infinitive form of another verb:
|Il aime manger.||He likes to eat.|
|Nous aimons marcher.||We like to walk.|
|Elle n’aime pas prendre le petit-déjeuner.||She doesn’t like to have breakfast.|
If you really like something, you can use the word adorer, which is very common in
French. Adorer means “to adore” or “to love.”
|J’adore me promener.||I love to go for a stroll.|
|J’adore le shopping.||I love shopping.|