HIST 102 AMU week 8 lesson Review American History since 1877 American Military university
Overview of the United States Since 1877
With the end of the Civil War, the United States saw the beginnings of a dynamic new age. Reconstruction began a period in which the American economy would be rebuilt and its social structures would be reformed, but not without resistance. The dream of Manifest Destiny was finally realized, and with the closing of the frontier the nation became a world power—a status that was further enforced by its roles in two world wars, and a rivalry with the Soviet Union that would last nearly half a century. Domestically, racial and political struggles would divide the American people.
Topics covered will include:
- Early Expansion
- Growth of Big Business
- Changes in Society
- Modern Cities
- Political Turbulence
- The Brink of War
- America Enters World War I
- The War Ends
- A Return to Normalcy
- The Great Depression
- World War II
- Post-War Prosperity
- The Civil Rights Movement
- Johnson and Nixon
- Economic Strife
- The Reagan Revolution
- A Connected World
- The Clinton Era
- The Twenty-First Century
Lesson 1 Review
The American West and Capital and Labor in the Age of Enterprise (1877-1900)
The expansion of the United States, both in land area and economically had a far-reaching impact on its entire people. Native Americans who were displaced or forced to assimilate did not always do so quietly. As big business grew and spread, the United States’ economy experienced a boom that changed the American landscape for both consumers and workers.
Lesson 2 Review
The Industrial City, Politics in the Age of Enterprise, and the Progressive Era
A new wave of reform shook the United States as the Progressive Era charged forth. On the cusp of the twentieth century, cities continued to grow and industrialize, and as more Americans moved to the cities, urbanization and other factors led to developments in education, modern ideas, and the roles of women in society.
The American political scene evolved to include participation from women and many other groups that had previously been marginalized, including racial minorities, and electoral reform saw a growth in the impact Americans could produce on their country’s political system. As this political scene saw changes, Americans began to demand changes in every aspect of American society.
Lesson 3 Review
The United States at War (1898-1919)
Various factors led to the United States becoming an imperial power in the late nineteenth century. The Spanish-American War made the United States a colonial power when it acquired such colonies as the Philippines. This and other international conflicts set the stage for World War I, a conflict between a number of European countrie, in which the United States resolved to remain neutral.
However, as a major world power the United States was unable to maintain its neutrality, and it declared war on Germany in 1917. The war produced many changes for the United States, both on the world stage and domestically, as more agencies were created to maintain the war effort and the size and scope of government continued to grow. In the end, President Woodrow Wilson played a chief role in ending the war in Europe and leading the effort towards lasting peace.
The Roaring 20s, The Great Crash, Redefining Liberalism: The New Deal, and the World at War
Lesson four covers a short time span but a time period which is very important in U.S. history, and is a period in which major events of significant consequence transpired. The lesson begins at the end of World War I and discusses the recession after the war, the Roaring 20s, and the Great Depression. It also discusses how the New Deal attempted to resolve the problems caused by the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression.
The final parts of the lesson cover the events leading up to World War II and some of the significant events taking place before and during the war, all of which lead up to the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Following World War II, increased economic prosperity moved many Americans to the growing middle class. Societal changes were also on the horizon, as Americans’ views on sexuality changed and marginalized people, including African-Americans, Chicanos, and Native Americans began to fight for equal rights.
After the civil rights movement achieved most of its goals, the liberal agenda turned to ending poverty, addressing environmental concerns, and advancing rights for other marginalized groups, such as women and homosexuals. As the century progressed, the failures of liberalism turned Americans towards a more conservative mindset.
The two decades between 1980 and 2001 saw the downfall of the Soviet Union, the globalization of business, the rise of the European Union, the rise of China as a market economy, and development of technology that led to worldwide communication in the form of the Internet.
The decades also introduced the United States to new problems relating to immigration, issues relating to abortion and homosexuality, the war on terror, and situations in countries where ethnic cleansing occurred. One President was impeached during this time period, and the first African-American president was elected.