SCIN 130 AMU Lab 3 Scientific Method Introduction to Biology American Military University assistance is available on Domyclass
Step 1: Read and complete the Lesson for the week – both the Lecture and Lab portion found in the APUS online classroom! The information you acquire in this Lab will be included in your quiz for the week – so make sure you have it completed prior to taking the quiz!
Step 2: Complete all the activities in this lab instruction packet: SCIN 130 Lab 3: Stickleback Evolution, Part 1. Work through the instruction packet step by step. Record your results in the worksheet as you progress through this instruction packet.
Step 3: You should save a copy of your completed lab with your name and lab # in the title. For example, if you are Felicetti and this is lab 3, you would title your document: FelicettiLab3.doc. You are then to add this as an attachment to the quiz for the week!
Please note the following:
For any sections that request that you “take notes”, the notes should be in your own words summarizing information learned. You should not copy and paste information from the Internet including media and resources accessed in this lab. Directly copying and pasting information is considered plagiarism in this course.
When taking screenshots save with file name that has your last name, the lab number and the screenshot number. For example, for the first screenshot in lab 3 if your last name was Felicetti the file name would be FelicettiLab3Shot1.jpeg. It is important to follow this image labeling structure. Images submitted without proper labeling will be graded as a zero.
This lab instruction packet will be submitted with the quiz for the week when completed. Again, save the file with your name and the lab number as a Word document. For example, if this was Lab 3 and your last name was Felicetti the file name would be FelicettiLab3.docx. It is important to follow this file labeling structure. Files submitted without proper labeling are subject to a score of zero.
SCIN 130 Lab 3: Stickleback Evolution, Part 1
Be sure to read the general instructions from the Lessons portion of the class prior to completing this packet.
Remember, you are to upload this packet with your quiz for the week!
In this experiment, you will analyze the pelvic
structures of stickleback fish collected from two lakes around Cook Inlet,
Alaska, to determine whether there are significant differences between the two
populations. You will then use your data and information about the lakes to
draw conclusions about the possible environmental factors affecting the
evolution of pelvis morphology.
Specific Lab Instructions
Go to: The Virtual Stickleback Evolution Lab
- Read the entire Introduction
- How do spines protect ocean stickleback fish?
- Watch the video about pelvic reduction in freshwater stickleback. The loss of stickleback pelvic spines is similar to the loss of which body parts in some other four-legged vertebrates?
- Click on Overview, read the material.
- Click on the interactive stickleback fish. Describe where its spines are located.
- Watch the video about the stickleback fish armor. Explain how the stickleback armor protects the fish from some predators.
- Click on Tutorial 1, practice scoring the pelvis of living fish until you feel as if you have mastered it.
- When you are comfortable with scoring, click on Experiment 1. Be sure to read the background information prior to beginning.
- Explain in your own words the overall objective of Experiment 1.
- Click on the link to the map of Alaska, then click on the blue pin “B” on the larger map. What lake is located between Rabbit Foot Lake and Coyote Lake?
- In a population, what happens to organisms that are better adapted to the environment in which they live?
- Click on Part 1 in Experiment 1. Read the information and watch the video. When you are ready, begin the experiment by clicking on the blue gloves. Then follow the directions on the left panel to perform the staining experiment.
- When you have finished staining the fish in Part 1, move on to Part 2 of Experiment 1.
- Before you score the fish, watch the short video on Bear Paw and Frog Lakes. According to Dr. Bell, what is an important difference between Bear Paw Lake and Frog Lake?
- What is one advantage of studying larger-sized samples?
- Complete Part 2
of the lab in the window on the left.
- Why is it important that the labels included in specimen jars be made of special paper that does not disintegrate in alcohol over time?
- When you have finished scoring fish from both locations, count each phenotype, then submit your totals.
- You are to create a graph from your data. The graph creator in the lab works perfectly fine if you do not want to transfer your data to Excel. Create a graph and insert a screenshot of it here.
- Examine the pelvic score data you just collected. Does the pelvic phenotype differ between Bear Paw Lake and Frog Lake fish? Explain.
- Explain why the stickleback fish in Frog Lake are more similar to ocean and sea-run stickleback than they are to the stickleback fish in Bear Paw Lake.
- Take the quiz at the end.
- When you are finished, Insert your name in the progress section, take a screenshot from the progress section, and insert it here (tutorial 1, Experiment 1, parts 1, 2 and 3 should all say complete).